Camera Objects determine which part of a Scene is shown on the Screen and how.
Every Scene comes with a default Player Camera that is created when the Scene is created. The Player Camera is the Camera that is played when a Scene starts, and it can be set on the Attributes of the Scene.
Camera Objects can be handled as any other Object in Incari, they have Transformation Attributes with which they can be translated and rotated.
Besides the usual Attributes, Camera Objects have a particular set of Attributes that allow the user to configure the Camera. These are described in detail in Camera Attributes.
There are several features that allow the user to know how a Camera will show the Scene while working on editing said Scene:
- Picture-in-Picture: By selecting a Camera in the Scene Outliner, the user can see at the bottom-right corner of the Viewport how the Scene looks like through that Camera.
There are some Attributes that are specific for Cameras. These are the following:
Angle of Viewdetermines how much of a Scene can be seen by the Camera, much like the focal length of a camera lens. Increasing the AOV will make off-camera Objects progressively appear in the periphery of the screen and will therefore increase the amount of perspective distortion. Conversely, lower AOV levels will show a smaller range of Objects, with lower perspective distortion, and are good for more orthographic views.
When this Attribute is enabled, the aspect ratio of the Camera is obtained from the Screen. If it is disabled, the
Aspect RatioAttribute can be directly edited.
This Attribute determines the aspect ratio. If
Link Aspect Ratio to Screenis enabled, it is obtained from the Screen's Attributes and cannot be edited. Otherwise, it can be set at the user's discretion.
Clipping planes define the range that will be rendered, in relation to the position of the camera.
Near Clipping Planedetermines the minimum depth that will be rendered, while
Far Clipping Planedetermines the maximum depth. Anything that falls outside of this range will be ignored when rendering the frame.
The Player Mode shows what the Player Camera will show once the Scene starts playing. To access it, simply click
Playeron top of the Viewport. Then, to go back to the 3D View, just click on
When a Camera is selected in the Scene Outliner, an inset window appears at the bottom-right of the Viewport showing what the selected Camera shows. The Picture-in-Picture inset window is highlighted in the picture below:
The example below shows the Picture-in-Picture feature throughout several Cameras in a Scene:
The Look Through mode allows the user to see in the Viewport what a Camera shows. To use it, right-click on a Camera and select
Look Throughfrom the drop-down menu. Then, to leave this mode, just click on the
Leave Look Throughbutton at the top right of the Viewport:
When a Camera is selected in the Scene Outliner, its Proxy appears in the Viewport, showing which part of the Scene the selected Camera will render: